Chimpanzee Tracking In Uganda

Chimpanzee Tracking In Uganda


Chimpanzee Trekking Experience In Uganda – Chimpanzee trekking in Uganda offers an exceptional opportunity to explore the Pearl of Africa and witness an intimate connection with our closest relatives. Chimpanzees, part of the great ape family alongside gorillas and orangutans, share a deep kinship with humans due to their large brains and advanced intelligence. Studies conducted by renowned primatologists like Jane Goodall have revealed distinct cultures among different chimpanzee communities based on their diets and environments.

There are two remaining species of chimpanzee in the wild: the common chimpanzee and the pygmy chimpanzee, also known as Bonobo. Common chimpanzees inhabit regions across West, East, Central, and Southern Africa, while Bonobos are found only in the jungles and sanctuaries of the Congo. Common chimpanzees are larger (up to 70 kg) and more dominant, with communities led by a dominant male. In contrast, Bonobos are smaller, more peaceful, and are governed by female leaders. Both species can live up to 30 years in the wild and up to 60 years in captivity.

Chimpanzee Trekking Experience

Chimps exhibit a remarkable intelligence that allows them to build complex nests and use tools like rocks to crack nuts or sticks to extract termites from anthills. Their diet includes fruits, seeds, leaves, honey, and insects, and they occasionally consume meat from other mammals and primates.

Living in extended communities of 10 to 100 individuals, chimpanzees care for one another and often split into smaller groups when foraging before reuniting. While males remain within their birth communities, females may migrate to nearby groups upon reaching adolescence. Young chimpanzees achieve independence by the age of four. Like humans, they communicate and express emotions using a range of methods, including facial expressions, gestures, sounds, and body language.

Although chimpanzees were once widespread across Africa, their overall population has seen a sharp decline in the past two decades, leading to their classification as a critically endangered species. Their primary threats include disease, hunting for meat and trade, injuries from forest traps, and habitat loss caused by increasing human populations.

To protect the remaining chimpanzee populations and ensure their survival in the wild, several organizations have been established. Among them is the Jane Goodall Institute, which plays a significant role in the conservation of chimpanzees and other primates, such as mountain gorillas, across Africa. The foundation is committed to preserving these species and their habitats, working on the ground to support their survival and well-being.


Chimpanzee Tracking Experience In Uganda

Uganda is renowned for offering some of the best opportunities for chimpanzee tracking in the world, boasting one of the largest populations of chimpanzees and a diverse range of tracking locations. With over 5,600 chimpanzees in the wild, several of which belong to habituated communities, visitors have ample opportunities to observe these fascinating primates. In Uganda, chimpanzees inhabit various areas, including small forests on private lands.

Visitors can track chimpanzees in several prime locations such as Kibale National Park, Budongo Forest in Murchison Falls National Park, Kyambura Gorge in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Kalinzu Forest, and Toro-Semliki Wildlife Reserve. Additionally, visitors can encounter chimpanzees in zoos and sanctuaries such as Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary and Uganda Wildlife Education Center.

Kibale Forest National Park


Kibale Forest is the premier destination for chimpanzee tracking in East Africa, home to a rich diversity of primate species and a sizable population of around 1,500 chimpanzees. This represents about 30% of Uganda’s total chimpanzee population. Within Kibale National Park, three habituated chimpanzee communities exist—one dedicated to tourists and the other two reserved for researchers.

In addition to chimpanzees, Kibale Forest is a habitat for various primates such as L’Hoest’s monkeys, red colobus, mangabeys, bush babies, baboons, red-tailed monkeys, and blue monkeys. Chimpanzee tracking in Kibale often coincides with opportunities for birding and other wildlife viewing, where visitors may spot buffaloes, elephants, antelopes, bush pigs, otters, and giant forest hogs. The area is also a haven for birdwatchers, offering over 345 bird species and access to the nearby Bigodi Wetlands bird sanctuary, which hosts species like African grey parrots, hornbills, and breasted pittas. Check our 3 Days Chimpanzee Tracking Safari and enjoy the ultimate primate experience in Uganda.

Chimp tracking in Kibale occurs twice daily—at 8 a.m. and 2 p.m.—with a high success rate of over 90% for observing a chimpanzee community. Visitors can also engage in a full-day chimpanzee habituation experience with one of the local communities. Permits for tracking chimpanzees in Kibale Forest cost $250, while permits for chimpanzee habituation are priced at $300. It’s advisable to book permits in advance through the Uganda Wildlife Authority office via email or phone. Some discounts may be available during certain months of the year.

If you book through Kenlink Tours, we can handle all arrangements, including securing permits, ensuring a seamless and memorable experience in Kibale Forest.

Kyambura Gorge 


Nestled within a valley in Queen Elizabeth National Park, the Kyambura Gorge offers an ideal location for spotting chimpanzees during a safari in the park. The gorge spans 16 kilometers in length and descends approximately 100 meters deep into a lush underground forest. Kyambura Gorge is renowned for its dense primate population, including baboons, red-tailed monkeys, vervet monkeys, and colobus monkeys.

Although the local chimpanzee population in Kyambura Gorge is relatively small, with about 30 individuals, chimpanzee trekking in this area offers unique benefits. The gorge’s location within Uganda’s most popular national park provides visitors with a chance to combine their trek with birding, a game drive in Queen Elizabeth National Park, and even gorilla tracking in nearby Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.

While Kyambura Gorge presents an opportunity to observe other primates and African wildlife, the chances of spotting chimpanzees are lower compared to Kibale or Kalinzu. The small community of chimpanzees often ventures deep into the forest, which can make them harder to find on certain days. Nonetheless, visitors may encounter bird species such as the blue-headed bee-eater, falcons, and African finfoot.

A permit for chimpanzee trekking in Kyambura Gorge costs $80. Despite the challenge of finding the chimps, this destination remains a popular choice for its unique safari experience, combining diverse wildlife viewing with the adventure of searching for these remarkable primates.

Budongo Forest


Budongo Forest, spanning around 825 square kilometers, is the third-best location for chimpanzee tracking in Uganda, with a population of over 800 chimpanzees. Situated within Murchison Falls National Park, Budongo Forest is a three-hour drive from Kampala. The forest’s natural mahogany trees provide excellent shelter for these remarkable apes and other primates.

Approximately 100 habituated chimpanzees are available for tracking at Kaniyo Pabidi, offering visitors the chance to observe them up close. For those wanting a more immersive experience, the full-day chimpanzee habituation experience in Budongo is an option.

Chimpanzee tracking in Budongo Forest is available twice daily, starting at 7 a.m. for the morning session and at 2 p.m. for the afternoon session. The prime time for chimpanzee tracking in Budongo is during the rainy season, between May and August, as the chimps are more active and easier to locate. During the dry season, the chimpanzees tend to move deeper into the forest in search of scarce food, water, and shelter, making sightings more challenging due to the greater distances trackers must travel.

Chimpanzee trekking in Budongo can be combined with a wildlife safari in Murchison Falls National Park. Permits for tracking chimpanzees in Budongo cost $130. This experience offers a unique opportunity to witness these amazing primates in their natural habitat while also enjoying the park’s stunning landscapes and wildlife.

Kalinzu Forest Reserve

After Kibale Forest, Kalinzu Forest, located just outside Queen Elizabeth National Park, is widely regarded as the second-best place in Uganda to track chimpanzees. Many visitors to Queen Elizabeth National Park often choose Kyambura Gorge for their chimpanzee tracking, but Kalinzu Forest offers a higher probability of sightings, with over 90% likelihood due to the high density and concentration of chimpanzees in the forest.

Kalinzu Forest is home to around 290 chimpanzees, with over 70 habituated for tracking. For more than two decades, a team of Japanese scientists has been studying the chimpanzee communities in the forest. Chimpanzee trekking in Kalinzu is overseen by the Uganda Ministry of Forestry, which offers permits at a lower cost of $50, making it a more affordable option compared to other locations like Kibale.

In addition to chimpanzees, visitors can encounter over 410 bird species, including sunbirds, cuckoos, and the Great Blue Turaco, as well as a variety of other wildlife such as primates, butterflies, moths, reptiles, and flowers. These can be explored through four guided trails in the forest.

However, one drawback of tracking chimpanzees in Kalinzu is the lack of proper accommodation options within the forest, with night camping being the only on-site option. Visitors typically need to return to areas near Queen Elizabeth National Park for more comfortable lodging. Nonetheless, Kalinzu Forest remains an excellent choice for those seeking a high chance of observing chimpanzees and a rich biodiversity.

Semuliki Wildlife Reserve

Situated near the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Semuliki Wildlife Reserve is home to around 260 chimpanzees spread across three communities. Researchers from Indiana University are studying the chimpanzees, who exhibit a unique behavior of walking upright when they leave the forest to feed in the savanna.

Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary

Ngamba Island, located on Lake Victoria, serves as a sanctuary for over 40 rescued chimpanzees from across Uganda. While not designed for traditional chimpanzee tracking, visitors and families with children can observe the chimps from a secure, elevated platform as they come to feed three times a day.

Uganda Wildlife Education Center

Previously known as the Entebbe Zoo, the Uganda Wildlife Education Center was established in 1952 to rehabilitate injured, confiscated, and orphaned animals. The center houses around 40 chimpanzees in enclosures, offering tourists and families with children the opportunity to view and learn about the chimps up close.

Chimpanzee Tracking In Rwanda

In Rwanda, chimpanzee tracking is available in Nyungwe Forest National Park and Gishwati-Mukura National Park. While mountain gorillas are Rwanda’s top tourism draw, chimpanzee trekking in Nyungwe Forest National Park offers an equally thrilling experience for primate enthusiasts at a more accessible cost. A chimpanzee permit in Rwanda costs just $100, much less than the $1,500 cost for gorilla trekking.

Nyungwe Forest is home to around 500 chimpanzees, although most are not habituated, making the search for them challenging as they are constantly on the move in the vast forest. Despite the difficulty, chimpanzee tracking is the most popular activity in Nyungwe, with excursions primarily taking place in Cyamudongo and Uwinka. Along the way, visitors may encounter over 10 other primate species, including L’Hoest’s monkeys, vervet monkeys, Angola colobus, Rwenzori colobus, owl-faced monkeys, Dent’s mona monkeys, silver monkeys, golden monkeys, bush babies, olive baboons, red-tailed monkeys, and grey-cheeked mangabeys.

Permits for chimpanzee trekking in Nyungwe Forest can be secured from the Rwanda Development Board offices in Kigali and at the park. This adventure offers a unique opportunity to witness Rwanda’s rich primate biodiversity and explore one of the country’s most beautiful natural environments.

Comparing Chimpanzee And Gorilla Trekking


Mountain gorillas are exclusively found in the montane forests of Bwindi National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in  Uganda,  Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, and Virunga Forest National Park Democratic Republic of the Congo, while chimpanzee communities inhabit a wide range of countries across East, Central, and West Africa. This distribution offers different travel experiences and landscapes for visitors to explore, from the lush, mountainous regions home to gorillas to the more widespread habitats of chimpanzees.

Organization and Sightings

Gorilla trekking is a highly organized activity with near-guaranteed sightings due to the gorillas’ stable and predictable habits. In contrast, chimpanzee trekking is less structured, with the chimps’ constant movement making sightings less certain. The unpredictability can be exciting for some visitors, while others may find it challenging.

Terrain and Habitat

Chimpanzees live in flatter terrains, while mountain gorillas inhabit mountainous areas and slopes, which can be physically demanding for trackers. Gorillas spend most of their time on the ground, often resting or foraging in clearings, while chimpanzees are more arboreal, spending significant time in treetops.

Mobility and Tracking Pace

Chimpanzees are constantly on the move and may require trackers to follow at a fast pace. In contrast, gorillas tend to stay in one area, allowing for a more leisurely tracking experience. The fast-paced nature of chimp tracking can add to the adventure but can also make photography challenging due to their rapid movements.

Tracking Sessions and Community Behavior

Chimpanzee trekking Experience can be done twice daily, in the morning and afternoon, while gorilla tracking is limited to one session per day. Chimpanzees live in large, dynamic communities that often split into smaller groups in search of food, making tracking more complex. In contrast, gorillas live in stable family groups with plentiful food sources.

Time with the Primates

Visitors are limited to one hour with a mountain gorilla group, but the time spent with a chimpanzee community can vary depending on the location and country. This difference allows for more in-depth observation of chimpanzee behavior in some areas.

Group Sizes and Permit Costs

A maximum of eight people can visit a gorilla family each day, while up to six people can visit a chimpanzee community in two daily shifts. Gorilla permits are significantly more expensive than chimpanzee permits, reflecting the rarity and conservation efforts involved in gorilla tracking.

Age Restrictions and Preparation

Both chimpanzee and gorilla trekking have an age limit of 15 years and above. Visitors to either experience are advised to wear suitable clothing such as boots, gloves, long shirts, and rain jackets. Hiring a porter can also enhance the experience by providing assistance and carrying gear.

Requirements, Rules And Regulations Foe Chimpanzee Tracking

As with mountain gorillas, chimpanzee tracking comes with a set of important rules to ensure the safety and well-being of the chimps as well as the visitors. Here are the guidelines you should know:

  • Book in Advance: Secure your chimpanzee permit ahead of time, especially during peak seasons, to guarantee your trekking experience.

  • Age Limit: Children are not allowed to participate in chimpanzee tracking.

  • No Littering: Keep the forest clean and free of litter during your trek.

  • Health Precautions: Avoid tracking if you are suffering from flu or diarrhea, as chimps are vulnerable to human illnesses.

  • Maintain Distance: Stay at least 8 meters away from the chimpanzees to respect their space.

  • No Eating: Avoid eating near the chimpanzees to prevent any aggressive behavior.

  • Quiet Conduct: Keep noise levels low and avoid provoking or intimidating the chimpanzees.

  • No Flash Photography: Flash photography can disturb the chimps, so it’s not allowed.

  • Follow Instructions: Always adhere to your guide’s instructions for a safe and enjoyable experience.

  • Use Restrooms Beforehand: Ensure you use the restroom before embarking on your trek.

  • Always Have a Guide: Never venture out to track chimps without a qualified guide.

  • No Smoking: Smoking is prohibited during chimpanzee tracking.

  • Group Size Limits: Respect the daily limit on the number of visitors allowed to track a chimpanzee community.

What To Pack On Chimpanzee Tracking Safari

Chimpanzee trekking in Uganda requires thoughtful preparation with your tour company to ensure a comfortable, memorable, and stress-free experience. Here are some essentials to consider bringing with you:

  • Appropriate Footwear: Choose sturdy shoes with good grip to navigate muddy trails and steep areas comfortably.

  • Protective Clothing: Wear long-sleeved clothes to shield yourself from sharp branches and thickets. Be ready for changing weather with a rain jacket.

  • Snacks and Water: Pack light snacks and drinking water in case you get hungry or thirsty during the trek.

  • Binoculars: Bring binoculars to catch details and watch the chimps as they swing between trees. They also enhance birdwatching opportunities.

  • Insect Repellent: Protect yourself from insect bites with a good insect repellent.

  • Camera and Extra Batteries: Use a camera with sharp lenses for capturing photos in dense forest conditions. Flash photography is not allowed, so practice shooting without it.

  • Walking Stick: A walking stick can help you maintain balance on uneven, steep, or slippery terrain.

  • Porters: Hiring a porter can ease your trek by carrying heavy equipment and bags, allowing you to focus on spotting chimps and other wildlife.

By planning ahead and bringing these items, you can enhance your chimpanzee trekking experience and make the most of your adventure in Uganda.


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