Kampala city is the capital and largest city of Uganda, a landlocked country in East Africa. It serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of Uganda and is located near the country’s southern border with Lake Victoria. Here are some key points about Kampala:
Kampala as a name was derived from the word Impalas (a specie that belong to antelope family). Initially, Kampala was a swampy area where these Impalas used to live, and graze, and the biggest concentration of Impalas was at Old Kampala, known as Akasozi Kempala meaning a hill for impalas (in Luganda name). This was a hunting area for the was a king of Buganda, and his solidiers used to hunt for him these impalas, for food. Kampala was selected as a city in 1890 by Capt. Frederick (later Lord) Lugard as the headquarters of the Imperial British East Africa Company. Lugard’s fort on Old Kampala Hill remained the Ugandan colonial administrative headquarters until 1905, when it was moved to Entebbe. In 1962 Kampala (a municipality since 1949) became the capital of independent Uganda. Parliamentary and commercial buildings, industry, and residential areas are separated into sectors.
1. Location: Kampala is situated in the southern part of Uganda, approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) from the shores of Lake Victoria. It is the country’s most populous city.
2. Geography: The city is built across a series of hills and valleys, which gives it a varied and scenic topography. Lake Victoria and the Entebbe Peninsula are to the south, providing access to water-based activities.
3. Economy: Kampala’s economy is diverse and includes finance, trade, industry, and services. The city is home to Uganda’s central bank and the Uganda Securities Exchange. It is also a hub for businesses and organizations operating in East Africa.
4. Culture: Kampala is a melting pot of cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. The majority of its residents are of the Baganda ethnic group, but it is also home to people from various regions of Uganda and expatriates from around the world. This cultural diversity is reflected in the city’s food, music, and festivals.
5. Attractions: Kampala offers a range of attractions and points of interest, including:
6. Transportation: Kampala is well-connected by road, and it serves as a transportation hub for Uganda. The city has a mix of modern and traditional modes of transportation, including matatus (minibuses), boda-bodas (motorcycle taxis), and public buses.
7. Education: Kampala is home to several universities, including Makerere University, one of the oldest and most prestigious in East Africa.
8. Challenges: Like many rapidly growing African cities, Kampala faces challenges related to urbanization, including traffic congestion, inadequate infrastructure, and waste management. Efforts are ongoing to address these issues and improve the quality of life in the city.
Kampala is a dynamic and bustling city with a rich cultural heritage, and it plays a significant role in Uganda’s development and international relations as the country’s capital. Visitors to Kampala can explore its historical and cultural sites, enjoy its diverse cuisine, and experience the vibrant energy of this East African metropolis.
How many hills make up Kampala?
Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, is often referred to as the “City of Seven Hills.” These seven prominent hills historically played a significant role in the city’s development and geography. While Kampala has expanded beyond these seven hills, they remain integral to the city’s identity. The seven hills of Kampala are:
While these seven hills are notable, Kampala has expanded far beyond its original boundaries, and the city now encompasses many more neighborhoods and areas that extend beyond these hills. However, the “City of Seven Hills” remains a symbolic representation of Kampala’s history and geography. Currently, Kampala is said to have over 27 hills.
Kampala City, Old park